The Bi’ur – Mendelssohn’s Bible Translation

From 1780-1783 Mendelssohn published his monumental translation and commentary on the Pentateuch, formally titled Sefer Netivot Hashalom and informally known a the “Bi’ur.” The translation was in German in Hebrew characters while the commentary was in Hebrew. Mendelssohn produced the entire translation and a portion of the commentary. The commentary aimed to explain the translation choices made by Mendelssohn and drew heavily on traditional medieval Jewish Bible commentators.

Mendelssohn's Translation and Commentary on the Pentateuch