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Friedrich Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken, Saxony and died on August 25, 1900, in Weimar. He was a German philosopher, who became one of the most-influential of all modern thinkers. His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights. An ardent foe of nationalism and anti-Semitism, his name was later invoked by fascists to advance the very things he loathed.
Hermann Struck was born Chaim Aaron ben David in 1876 in Germany. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote Die Kunst des Radierens (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in Israel. He immigrated to Haifa where he created an artistic community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. He died in 1944.
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Struck, Hermann, 1876-1944: Portrait of Friedrich Nietzsche, Leo Baeck Institute Art and Objects Collection, 81.459.
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