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Richard Leibreich (1830-1917) was a pioneer in the field of ophthalmology. Born in Königsberg, he studied medicine in Berlin, earning his doctorate in 1853 from the University of Halle. He worked as an assistant to Albrecht von Graefe between 1854 and 1862. Afterward, he practiced medicine in Paris and then in London as the head of ophthalmology at St. Thomas Hospital. During this time, he published his "Atlas of Ophthalmoscopy", became a member of the Leopoldina in 1865, and designed a model of ophthalmoscope. In 1878, Leibreich moved back to Paris in order to study painting and sculpture at the École des Beaux-Arts. He went on to publish works related to vision and art. Leibreich died in Paris in 1917.
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Liebreich, Richard, 1830-1917: Liebreich's Ophthalmoscope, Leo Baeck Institute Art and Objects Collection, 2013.141.
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