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Mrs. Martha Braun, for now

Martha Braun, nicht Martha “Sara” Braun Martha Braun, not Martha “Sara” Braun


The passport of Martha Braun, a Viennese housewife, was issued on September 16, during the brief time window between the passing of the Executive Order on the Law on the Alteration of Family and Personal Names (August 17, 1938) and its entry into force (January 1939). According to this executive order, Jews were to add the middle name “Sara” or “Israel” to their given names. With the date of issue falling in September, Mrs. Braun received a passport without the stigmatizing addition – for the time being.



The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum


Passport of Martha Braun


on the days before