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Yehuda Bacon was born on the 29th of April, 1929, in the Ostrova, Czech Republic, to a Jewish orthodox family. He was deported to Theresienstadt in 1942, where he performed in the children's opera Brundibar, and then Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1943. There the majority of his family died, but he survived due to being used for a program that was meant to show the red cross how the prisoners were being treated. After the camps were liberated, he immigrated to Palestine, where he decided to become an artist. He studied at the Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design.
Leo Baeck was born on the 23rd of May, 1873, in Lissa (then in the German province Posen, now part of Poland). As the son of a rabbi, Leo Baeck was encouraged to become one himself, and did so after attending the Jewish Theological seminary In Breslau. He served as a rabbi in Oppeln, Düsseldorf, and Berlin, eventually becoming the leader of the German Jewish community. Once the Nazi’s seized power in 1933, Leo Baeck was instrumental in setting up organizations that fought to defend German Jews in the face of oppression. However, in 1938, these organizations were destroyed by a series of Pogroms, which left German Jews with no way of defending themselves. As outsiders realized that German Jews were facing tremendous threats, several American groups offered to help Leo Baeck leave Germany, he refused on the grounds of staying for his community. On the 27th of January, 1943, Leo Baeck was deported to Theresienstadt. In the concentration camp, Leo Baeck was a leader of that camp’s Jews, with some survivors stating that he gave them the strength to survive. After the war he left for London, where he founded the World Union for Progressive Judaism, and was a rabbi in London until his death in 1956.
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Bacon, Yehuda, 1929-: Leo Baeck, Leo Baeck Institute Art and Objects Collection, 91.6.
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