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Ephraim Mose Lilien was a printmaker, illustrator and photographer who employed an Art Nouveau style (heavily influenced by Aubrey Beardsley) to depict Jewish and Zionist themes and renew Jewish art. Born in Drohobicz, Galicia, in 1874 (then part of the Austro-Hungarian empire) in poor circumstances,. He attended the Academy of Art in Krakow where he studied under history painter Jan Matejko. In 1899 he moved to Berlin, where he became a member of the artists' group Die Kommenden, which included Carl Busse, Stefan Zweig und Börries Freiherr v. Münchhausen, whose work "Juda" Lilien illustrated in 1900. He co-founded the Demokratisch-Zionistische Fraktion, a group of Zionists who believed that Zionism was a way to cultural renewal of Judaism in addition to political and economic freedom for Jews. In 1901 her orgainzed an exhibit of Jewish artists with Martin Buber as part of the Fifth World Zionist Conference in Basel. He made four trips to Palestine between 1906-1918, including a trip to Jerusalem in 1906 to assist Boris Schatz in founding the Bezalel Art School. He moved to Braunschweig in 1921 and died of a heart attack while on cure in 1925.
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Lilien, Ephraim Mose, 1874-1925: The Wailing Wall in Jerusalem, Leo Baeck Institute Art and Objects Collection, 78.1399.
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