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Completed in 1270 in gothic style, the Old New Synagogue is the oldest active synagogue in Europe. It is also linked to a number of legends, including those related to the Temple of Jerusalem and the Golem. During Nazi occupation, the synagogue was used as a house prayer and was left untouched, as the Nazis had planned to remodel and turn it into a museum.
Struck was a master of etching and book illustration. He taught the art of printmaking to Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Arno Nadel and his monograph on the art of etching is a classic in the field. Struck was both an Orthodox Jew and a Zionist, however, his outlook on the world was decidedly cosmopolitan. This is also evident in his countless portraits, from Friedrich Nietzsche to Sigmund Freud, and impressions from his wide travels. While on service in the German Army during WW 1 he came into contact with the Jewish Communities of Galicia and Lithuania. During this time he created a series of sketches in Eastern Europe, which he lated turned into a book together with Arnold Zweig, titled "The Face of East European Jewry". In 1923 he emigrated to Palestine, where he was among the Bezalel School in Jerusalem.
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Struck, Hermann, 1876-1944: Prague, Old New Synagogue, Leo Baeck Institute Art and Objects Collection, 78.174.
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