· We welcome fair use of this content. Please credit the Leo Baeck Institute in your citation.
Joseph Süß Oppenheimer (1698 Heidelberg – 1738 Stuttgart) was a Jewish banker and financial planner for Duke Karl Alexander of Würtemberg in Stuttgart. He was a nephew and stepson of the banker Samuel Oppenheimer, diplomat and Shtadlan to Kaiser Leopold of Austria. He gained a prominent position as a court Jew and established a duchy monopoly on the trade of salt, leather, tobacco, and liquor and founded a bank and porcelain factory. Throughout his career, Oppenheimer made scores of powerful enemies, and on Duke Karl's death in 1737 he was arrested and charged with a variety of offenses. After a heavily publicized trial during which no proofs were produced, he was sentenced to death. He refused conversion to Christianity and he was hanged, his body left in a suspended cage. His story was the subject of a number of literary and dramatic treatments, including an antisemitic movie released by the Nazis in 1940.
Reproductions and Permissions
We welcome fair use of this content. Please credit the Leo Baeck Institute in your citation. For usage policies and to request higher resolution images, see Reproductions and Permissions.
Unknown Artist: Joseph Suess Oppenheimer, Leo Baeck Institute Art and Objects Collection, 78.119.
Search for Artist in DigiBaeck
DigiBaeck is the Leo Baeck Institute's online repository of digital collections. It contains all of LBI's digitized materials, including art works (with everything in the Griffinger Art Catalog and more), archival collections, photographs, rare books, and periodicals.