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The German dramatist and novelist Gerhart Hauptmann – one of the most important devotees to literary naturalism - received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1912.
Struck was a master of etching and book illustration. He taught the art of printmaking to Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Arno Nadel and his monograph on the art of etching is a classic in the field. Struck was both an Orthodox Jew and a Zionist, however, his outlook on the world was decidedly cosmopolitan. This is also evident in his countless portraits, from Friedrich Nietzsche to Sigmund Freud, and impressions from his wide travels. While on service in the German Army during WW 1 he came into contact with the Jewish Communities of Galicia and Lithuania. During this time he created a series of sketches in Eastern Europe, which he lated turned into a book together with Arnold Zweig, titled "The Face of East European Jewry". In 1923 he emigrated to Palestine, where he was among the Bezalel School in Jerusalem.
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Struck, Hermann, 1876-1944: Portrait of Gerhart Hauptmann, Leo Baeck Institute Art and Objects Collection, 78.182.
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