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Crossing is one of a series of twenty-one “black drawings” done by Dzubas. He began the series after he had visited Germany for ten months in 1960. Each of these paintings had a religious reference in the title. Dzubas envisioned placing them in “a little chapel … just whitewashed inside. And I would cover this whole Baroque architecture, inside, with those black drawings." Crossing and other paintings from the “black drawing” series were done in either a large circular format (referred to as a tondo) or in a rectangular format. The canvas was painted with crisscrossing vectors through black linear bands against gray washes.
Friedel Dzubas was born April 20, 1915 in Berlin. He studied at the Prussian Academy of Fine Art and under Paul Klee from 1936 to 1939. With a Jewish father and a Catholic mother, Dzubas was subject to German race laws. In 1939, he emigrated to New York City with the assistance of the Reichsvertretung der Juden in Deutschland and the American Jewish Committee (AJC), though he had to leave behind his parents and brothers in Germany. In America, Dzubas worked a number of odd jobs before landing a position in Chicago as a graphic designer. His works in the 40s primarily were watercolor landscapes. He returned to New York in 1945, where he was roommate with the art critic Clement Greenberg. Greenberg introduced Dzubas to Jackson Pollock and other artists such as Helen Frankenthaler, with whom he shared a studio. In the early 1950s, he began exhibiting his Abstract Expressionist works, including the Ninth Street Show in New York City in 1951, and in group exhibitions at the Leo Castelli gallery, the Stable Gallery, and the Tibor de Nagy Gallery, among others. In the 1960s he became associated with color field painting and lyrical abstraction. He was included in "Post-Painterly Abstraction," a 1964 exhibition curated by his friend, Clement Greenberg. During the last three decades of his career, Dzubas had more than sixty solo exhibitions around the world and taught at various institutions.
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Dzubas, Friedel, 1915-1994: Crossing, Leo Baeck Institute Art and Objects Collection, 2012.199.
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