Ludwig Meidner was a German expressionist painter and printmaker born in Bernstadt, Silesia in 1884. After studies in Breslau and in Paris, he created a series of paintings, the "Apocalyptic Landscapes," which marked a radical departure in style and built his reputation. After the first world war he created religious portraits and increasingly turned to writing, producing several books of dense expressionist prose. To escape antisemitic repressions, he moved to Cologne in 1935 where he was an art teacher at a Jewish School. In 1939 he escaped with his family to England and was interned as an enemy alien on Isle of Man. Meidner stayed in England working in odd jobs until 1953 when he returned to Germany. In 1963 he had his first major exhibition since 1918 in Recklinghausen and Berlin. Ludwig Meidner died on May 14, 1966, in Darmstadt. His artistic bequest became part of the collection at the Jewish Museum Frankfurt.
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Ludwig Meidner, Leo Baeck Institute, F 2741.