The conductor Bruno Walter was born in Berlin in 1876. Throughout his international career he held major positions with the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra; New York Philharmonics; Concertgebouw Orchestra; the Salzburg Festival; Vienna Staatsoper; Bavarian Staatsoper; Staatsoper Unter den Linden; and Deutsche Oper Berlin. Walter worked closely with Gustav Mahler, whose music he helped to establish in the repertory. He escaped Nazi Germany in 1933, became a naturalized French citizen in 1938, and emigrated to the United States in 1939. Bruno Walter died in Beverly Hills in 1962.
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Portrait of Bruno Walter / by Susanne Carvallo-Schülein ; 1958, Leo Baeck Institute, F 3765A.