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Biographical/Historical Information

Born in Königshütte, Upper Silesia (Chorzow, Poland) in 1899, Max Gruenewald studied at the Jüdisch-theologisches Seminar and at the university in Breslau. From 1925 until 1938 he served as rabbi and since 1934 also as president of the Jewish community in Mannheim. In addition, he was a member of the executive committee of the Reichsvertretung der deutschen Juden. In 1939, Gruenewald emigrated to Palestine and then to the United States, where he was a spiritual leader and also held prominent positions in several major Jewish organizations: He worked for the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York; and he was chair of the American Federation of Jews from Central Europe; co-president of the Gustav Wurzweiler Foundation; vice-president of the Maimonides Institute; and co-founder and president of Leo Baeck Institute in New York. Max Gruenewald died in Milburn, New Jersey in 1992.

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Dr. Max Gruenewald, Leo Baeck Institute, F 11338.