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Biographical/Historical Information

The American physicist and Nobel prize laureate Arthur Holly Compton was born in Wooster, OH in 1892. His discovery of “particle nature of electromagnetic radiation” was a milestone in atomic physics, and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927. During World War II, Compton was a key figure in the Manhattan Project that developed the first atomic bomb. Arthur Compton died in Berkeley CA in 1962.

The “Brotherhood” was a conference of Protestant, Catholic and Jewish leaders from North America and Western Europe, seeking cooperation among all those "who believe in a spiritual interpretation of the universe." The conference’s first chairman was the atomic physicist and practicing Presbyterian Arthur Holly Compton.

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Arthur H. Compton presenting an honorary document of the World Brotherhood to Leo Baeck, on May 6, 1954, Leo Baeck Institute, F 19440.