The historian and politician Ludwig Quidde was born in Bremen in 1858. Quidde was one of the most prominent German pacifists of the early 20th century, sharing the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1927 with the French educator Ferdinand-Édouard Buisson. Ludwig Quidde died in Swiss exile in Geneva in 1941.
Zoologist, polar explorer and Scandinavian politician Fridtjof Nansen was born in Norway in 1861. In the final decade of his life, Nansen devoted himself to the League of Nations, and in 1922 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on behalf of displaced persons of the First World War. Fridtjof Nansen died in Norway in 1930.
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23rd Universal Peace Congress in Berlin, Leo Baeck Institute, F 82607.