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Biographical/Historical Information

The physicist Fritz Reiche was born in Berlin in 1883. He studied in Munich and in Berlin, graduating after studying with Max Planck in 1907. Reiche worked in theoretical physics at universities in Berlin and Breslau, but his position ended abruptly with the Nazi dismissal of Jewish scientists in 1933. Reiche left Germany for two years as a guest lecturer at the German University in Prague, but he returned to Berlin in 1935. In 1941, he immigrated with his family to the United States, and he brought news about the German advances in the production of fissionable materials. He worked and taught at various universities in New York State, and he also carried out special research projects for NASA and for the U.S. Navy. Fritz Reiche died in New York City in 1969.

The avant-garde photojournalist and commercial photographer Ilse Bing was born in Frankfurt/Main in 1899. Throughout the 1930s, she was a highly esteemed photo-portraitist in Paris. Bing emigrated to New York in 1941, where se resumed her career; her work was bought and exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art. Ilse Bing died in New York in 1998.

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Professor Fritz Reiche : physicist, Leo Baeck Institute, F 84490.