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Julius Wolfgang Schülein was born into a family of Munich bankers. After studying law and philosophy, Schülein enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, from which he graduated in 1907. The next year he became a student at the private art school "La Palette" in Paris where he met the future portrait painter and designer Suzanne Carvallo, whom he married in 1912. When the couple returned to Munich that same year, Schülein co-founded the New Secession. Schülein was a friend of the Mann brothers, Wassily Kandinsky, and Paul Klee. In 1930, the Schüleins moved to Berlin, attracted by the city's vibrant art life. In 1933, with the intervention of the French ambassador to Germany François Poncet the Schülein’s were able to flee to Paris. During World War II, Julius was separated from his wife and interned as an enemy alien at Montauban, near Bordeaux, and other internment camps in the South of France. Suzanne fled from Paris in 1940 to the South of France, where she was finally reunited with her husband a year later. After a dangerous escape via Spain to Lisbon, they embarked on a ship bound for New York in 1941.
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Schülein, Julius W.: Urban Scene, Leo Baeck Institute, 2005.6.
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