Bertha Pappenheim was born in Vienna, Austria in 1859. After her father’s death in 1881, Bertha Pappenheim became a patient of Sigmund Freud, who later referred to her in his writings as Anna O. Politically active as a Jewish woman, Bertha von Pappenheim founded the Jewish Women's Association (Jüdischer Frauenbund) in 1905. In 1907 she founded a home for unwanted girls and unmarried mothers and their children in Neu Isenburg. Bertha Pappenheim fought against international white slavery of women and founded clubs where young women could get help. She died in Neu-Isenburg in 1936.
Born in Berlin in 1890, Dora Edinger studied social work at the University of Heidelberg and lived in Frankfurt am Main, where she taught at the Freies Juedisches Lehrhaus and was active in the women's auxiliary of the B'nai B'rith and Juedischer Frauenbund. She immigrated to the United States in circa 1934, where she worked as a librarian and journalist. Dora Edinger died in New York City in 1977.
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Edinger, Dora: Portrait of Bertha Pappenheim, Leo Baeck Institute, 77.57.