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Heinrich Heine (Dec. 13, 1797 – Feb. 17, 1856) was one of the most significant German poets of the 19th century. He was also a journalist, essayist, and literary critic. Many of his works were banned by German authorities due to his political views. Heine spent the last 25 years of his life as an expatriate in Paris.
Hermann Struck was born Chaim Aaron ben David in 1876 in Germany. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote Die Kunst des Radierens (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in Israel. He immigrated to Haifa where he created an artistic community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. He died in 1944.
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Struck, Hermann: Portrait of Heinrich Heine (1797-1856), Leo Baeck Institute, 78.1395.
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