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Biographical/Historical Information

Arnold Zweig (1887–1968) was a German writer and anti-war activist. Zweig volunteered to serve in the German army during World War I, but was so affected by the experience that he became a pacifist. In 1920, he worked with Hermann Struck to publish "Das ostjüdische Antlitz". Zweig also supported Zionism and was interested in psychoanalysis, corresponding with Sigmund Freud for a number of years. In 1933, he went into voluntary exile, going from Czechoslovakia, to Switzerland, and then France before settling in Haifa, Israel. Zweig eventually returned to East Germany in 1948. He became a member of parliament, a delegate to the World Peace Council, as well as president of the DDR Academy of Arts in Berlin from 1950 to 1953. He died in East Berlin in 1968.

Hermann (Chaim Aaron ben David) Struck was born in 1876 in Germany. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote "Die Kunst des Radierens" (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in the Land of Israel. He emigrated to Haifa where he created an artistic community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. Hermann Struck died in 1944.

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Struck, Hermann: Portrait of Arnold Zweig, Leo Baeck Institute, 78.155.