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Biographical/Historical Information

Max Liebermann (1847-1935, Berlin) trained in Weimar before continuing to study in Amsterdam and Paris, where he was influenced by Courbet, Millet, and the Barbizon School. Liebermann returned to Germany in 1878 and continued painting in the Impressionist style, founding the movement in his native country. In 1899, he helped found the Berlin Secession. He was a very influential figure in German art and was the dominant figure until the emergence of avant-garde art. He was the president of the Prussian Academy of Arts until his resignation in 1933 when he was forbidden to paint.

The painter and graphic artist Rudolf Grossmann was born in Freiburg/Br. in 1882. He became well known for his portrait drawings. The Nazis declared his work to be “degenerate”. Rudolf Grossmann died in Freiburg in 1941.

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Grossmann, Rudolf: Portrait of Max Liebermann, Leo Baeck Institute, 78.1598.