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Biographical/Historical Information

The German author Richard Fedor Leopold Dehmel (1863 – 1920) is considered one of the foremost German poets of the pre-World War I era. His lyrics inspired many contemporary composers. Dehmel enlisted in the German Army voluntarily in 1914 and served until 1916, when he was wounded. He died in 1920 from the after-effects of his war-injury. - Leopold Dehmel’s second wife was the feminist poet Ida Dehmel.

Hermann (Chaim Aaron ben David) Struck was born in 1876 in Germany. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote "Die Kunst des Radierens" (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in the Land of Israel. He emigrated to Haifa where he created an artistic community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. Hermann Struck died in 1944.

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Struck, Hermann: Richard Dehmel in German officer's uniform, Leo Baeck Institute, 78.262.