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Rabbi Joseph Hirsch Dünner was born in Cracow in 1833, where he was ordained rabbi before studying philosophy and oriental philology at the universities in Bonn and Heidelberg. He served as rector of the Nederlandsch Israelitisch Seminarium in Amsterdam, where he became chief rabbi in 1874.
Hermann Struck was born Chaim Aaron ben David in 1876 in Germany. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote Die Kunst des Radierens (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in Israel. He immigrated to Haifa where he created an artistic community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. He died in 1944.
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Struck, Hermann: Portrait of Rabbi Duenner, Leo Baeck Institute, 78.265.
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