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Biographical/Historical Information

Rabbi Joseph Hertz was born in Austria-Hungary in 1872. He studied in New York and became the first ordained rabbi at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. After serving in South Africa and in New York, he was elected Chief Rabbi of Great Britain and the Commonwealth in 1913, a position he held until his death in 1946.

Hermann (Chaim Aaron ben David) Struck was born in 1876 in Germany. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote "Die Kunst des Radierens" (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in the Land of Israel. He emigrated to Haifa where he created an artists' community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. Hermann Struck died in 1944.

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Struck, Hermann: Portrait of Rabbi Hertz, Leo Baeck Institute, 78.273.