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Biographical/Historical Information

Ramses II. – also known as Ramses the Great – was an Egyptian Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, who ruled 1279–1213 BCE. His mummified body was discovered in 1881. Ramses is often considered to be the Pharoah mentioned in the biblical book of Exodus

Hermann (Chaim Aaron ben David) Struck was born in 1876 in Germany. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote "Die Kunst des Radierens" (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in the Land of Israel. He emigrated to Haifa where he created an artistic community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. Hermann Struck died in 1944.

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Struck, Hermann: Mummified head of Ramses II, Leo Baeck Institute, 78.288.