The rabbi and historian Markus Horovitz was born near Tokay, Hungary in 1844. He pursued rabbinic studies in Eisenstadt, and also studied philosophy and oriental studies in Vienna, Budapest, and Berlin, graduating from Tübingen in 1871. He served as rabbi in Lauenburg, Pomerania and Gnesen, Posen, before joining the orthodox congregation in Frankfurt/Main in 1878. Markus Horovitz died in Frankfurt in 1910.
The sculptor and medallist Leo Horovitz (1876-1964) was born in Gnesen, Prussia (Gniezno, Poland), the son of Rabbi Dr. Markus Horovitz. Horovitz was an apprentice in engraving at a silverwear factory starting in 1894, and then he studied engraving, sculpture, and silversmithing in Frankfurt, Paris, and Munich. Together with his brother Felix, Leo Horovitz opened a silver workshop in Frankfurt, producing primarily ceremonial objects for synagogues as well as for private clients. After the first World War, when the market for silver was not viable, Horovitz also established himself as a stonemason and would engrave tombstones for cemeteries. Leo Horovitz and his family lived in Frankfurt until 1939, when they were able to emigrate to London. Horovitz continued to work in silversmithing and stonemasonry in England.
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Horovitz, Leo: Portrait of Rabbi Dr. Marcus Horovitz (1844-1910), Leo Baeck Institute, 78.427.