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The German conductor and composer Oskar Fried was born 1871 in Berlin. An admirer of Gustav Mahler, he was the first conductor to record a Mahler symphony. After the Nazis came to power, Fried emigrated to the Soviet Union; he died 1941 in Moscow.
Hermann Struck was born Chaim Aaron ben David in 1876 in Germany. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote Die Kunst des Radierens (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in Israel. He immigrated to Haifa where he created an artistic community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. He died in 1944.
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Struck, Hermann: Portrait of Oskar Fried (1871-1941), Leo Baeck Institute, 78.493.
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