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Biographical/Historical Information

Hermann Bahr, (born July 19, 1863, Linz, Upper Austria—died Jan. 15, 1934, Munich), Austrian author and playwright who championed (successively) naturalism, romanticism, and symbolism. After studying at Austrian and German universities, he settled in Vienna, where he worked at a number of newspapers. His early critical works illustrate the first phase of his career, in which he attempted to reconcile naturalism with romanticism. Later, under the influence of Maurice Maeterlinck, Bahr became a champion of mysticism and symbolism. In 1903 Bahr was appointed director of Deutsches Theater, Berlin, and in 1918 he was for a short time director of the Vienna Burgtheater. During World War I, under the influence of Catholicism, his novel "Himmelfahrt" (1916; “The Ascension”) represented the staunchly Catholic school of thought in his country.

Emil Orlik was born Prague on 21st July 1870 to a German-Jewish family. He studied art in Munich under Heinrich Knirr, Wilhelm Lindenschmidt, and Johann Leonard Raab. He was a painter, an etcher and lithographer, in addition to working as an illustrator for the art magazine PAN, as a theater set designer, book designer and poster designer. He traveled extensively, including a visit to Japan in 1900, where he studied woodblock carving and other techniques. He helped to revive color woodblock printing in Europe. In 1905 Emil Orlik moved to Berlin and took a post at the School for Graphic and Book Art of the Museum of Decorative Arts where he worked until his retirement in 1930. Other notable travels include his trip to Egypt, Nubia, China, Korea, Japan and Siberia in 1911, and his trip to New York City in 1924. Portrait commissions and graphic work kept him busy till his death in Berlin on 28th September 1932.

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Orlik, Emil: Portrait of the writer Hermann Bahr, Leo Baeck Institute, 78.718.