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Biographical/Historical Information

Lotte (Elise Charlotte) Müller was born on May 1, 1883, the daughter of Georg Müller and Rosalie (called 'Leonie') Auerbach. After her mother separated from her father and married Constantin Brunner in 1895, Lotte and her sister Gertrud, who was one year younger, grew up in the home of her mother and her stepfather; her younger brother Hans lived with his father. Lotte Brunner was introduced to literature at an early age by her stepfather. Later on she worked as a teacher, author and translator. She lived most of her life in the home of her parents. She was an adherent of the philosophy of Constantin Brunner and one of his most important dialogue partners. She kept a diary for 30 years, chronicling the intense exchange of ideas about literature and philosophy with her stepfather. After she emigrated with her parents to The Hague, she married Piet Stigter, a Dutch man, in 1934. He died in 1938 following an operation. When her stepfather became seriously ill, Lotte Brunner became his prime caregiver. After his death she devoted herself to the administration of his estate. She also published several small philosophical scripts and a large number of poems. When The Netherlands were occupied by the Germans and the situation for Jews became very precarious, Lotte Brunner and her mother returned to Germany. Shortly thereafter though, they decided to return to the Hague. Presumably Lotte Brunner was deported to the concentration camp Westerbork in 1942 and from there to Sobibor, where she was murdered April 30, 1943 at the age of 59. Her 84 year old mother Leonie had perished there a few weeks earlier.

Max Busyn (1899-1976) was a painter and graphic artist and a follower of Constantin Burnner. He was born in Lodz and studied 1922-23 at the Art Academy of Dresden. Busyn lived in Berlin 1929-33, then emigrated to Tel Aviv in 1934. He returned to Germany two decades later in the 1950s. Among other projects, he created murals for the Jewish seniors' home in Berlin.

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Busyn, Max: Portrait of Lotte Brunner, Leo Baeck Institute, 80.233.