Hermann (Chaim Aaron ben David) Struck was born in 1876 in Germany. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote "Die Kunst des Radierens" (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in the Land of Israel. He emigrated to Haifa where he created an artistic community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. He died in 1944.
During World War One (1914-1918), Hermann Struck drew dozens of portraits of Jews in eastern European Shtetls that were published in Berlin in 1920 in a book by Arnold Zweig, “Das ostjüdische Antlitz”; LBI Library call number r DS 143 Z9 O_8 1922 et al.
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Struck, Hermann: Portrait of Oberkantor Herschmann, Wilna, Leo Baeck Institute, 81.134.