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Biographical/Historical Information

Ludwig Fulda (1862-1939) was a German playwright and translator. He was the first president of the writers' organization PEN in Germany. Because he was Jewish, his work was banned in 1933 and he committed suicide in 1939 after having been denied a visa to the United States.

Hermann Struck (1876-1944) was a master of etching and book illustration. He taught the art of printmaking to Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Arno Nadel and his monograph on the art of etching is a classic in the field. Struck was both an Orthodox Jew and a Zionist, however, his outlook on the world was decidedly cosmopolitan. This is also evident in his countless portraits, from Friedrich Nietzsche to Sigmund Freud, and impressions from his wide travels. While on service in the German Army during WW 1 he came into contact with the Jewish Communities of Galicia and Lithuania. During this time he created a series of sketches in Eastern Europe, which he lated turned into a book together with Arnold Zweig, titled "The Face of East European Jewry". In 1923 he emigrated to Palestine, where he was among the Bezalel School in Jerusalem.

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Struck, Hermann: Portrait of the playwright Ludwig Fulda (1862-1939), Leo Baeck Institute, 81.152.