Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis. He was born in 1856 to Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg (Příbor, Czech Republic.) He qualified as a doctor of medicine in 1881 at the University of Vienna, where eventually he was appointed a docent and then an affiliated professor. Freud lived and worked in Vienna, having set up his clinical practice there in 1886. In 1938 Freud left Austria to escape the Nazis for England, where he died in 1939.
Hermann Struck was born Chaim Aaron ben David in 1876 in Germany. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote Die Kunst des Radierens (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in Israel. He immigrated to Haifa where he created an artistic community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. He died in 1944.
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Struck, Hermann: Portrait of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Leo Baeck Institute, 81.219.