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Biographical/Historical Information

The Russian-born engineer and political activist Pinhas Rutenberg studied at the Technology Institute in Saint Petersburg and was active during both Russian Revolutions, in 1905 and in 1917. He also was a founder of the Jewish Legion, fighting for Great Britain in WWI. From 1919 on, Rutenberg worked actively for the electrification of Palestine, where he founded the Palestine Electric Corp. in 1923. He died in Jerusalem on Jan. 3, 1942.

Hermann (Chaim Aaron ben David) Struck was born in Germany in 1876. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote "Die Kunst des Radierens" (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in the Land of Israel. He emigrated to Haifa where he created an artistic community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. Hermann Struck died in 1944.

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Struck, Hermann: Pinhas Rutenberg, Leo Baeck Institute, 81.545.