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Biographical/Historical Information

Alfred Freiherr von Berger (1853-1912) was a dramaturge, theater director and author. From 1899-1909 he was director of the Deutsches Schauspielhaus in Hamburg, and from 1910 to his death he was director of the Burgtheater in Vienna.

Struck was a master of etching and book illustration. He taught the art of printmaking to Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Arno Nadel and his monograph on the art of etching is a classic in the field. Struck was both an Orthodox Jew and a Zionist, however, his outlook on the world was decidedly cosmopolitan. This is also evident in his countless portraits, from Friedrich Nietzsche to Sigmund Freud, and impressions from his wide travels. While on service in the German Army during WW 1 he came into contact with the Jewish Communities of Galicia and Lithuania. During this time he created a series of sketches in Eastern Europe, which he lated turned into a book together with Arnold Zweig, titled "The Face of East European Jewry". In 1923 he emigrated to Palestine, where he taught ar Bezalel School in Jerusalem.

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Struck, Hermann: Portrait of Baron Alfred Berger, Leo Baeck Institute, 81.569.