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Biographical/Historical Information

The German novelist Heinrich Mann was born in Lübeck, Germany in 1871, the older brother of the novelist Thomas Mann. Heinrich Mann was a socially committed writer and he was forced into exile under the Nazis. Heinrich Mann died in Santa Monica, California in 1950.

Carvallo-Schülein, Suzanne (1883-1972). Portrait painter and designer, married the painter Julius Wolfgang Schülein (1881 Munich —1970 New York, Werner Cahnman's uncle) 1912. The Schüleins belonged to a circle of prominent artists and intellectuals in Munich. Among their friends were Heinrich and Thomas Mann, Lion Feuchtwanger, Paul Klee and Vassily Kandinsky. In 1930 the Schüleins moved to Berlin. In 1933, with the intervention of the French ambassador to Germany François Poncet the Schülein’s were able to flee to Paris. After the outbreak of the war, Julius was separated from his wife and interned as an enemy alien at Montauban, near Bordeaux, and other internment camps in the South of France. In 1940 Suzanne Carvallo-Schülein fled from Paris to the South of France, where she was finally reunited with her husband in 1941. After a dangerous escape via Spain to Lisbon, they embarked on a ship bound to New York in 1941.

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Carvallo-Schülein, Susanne: Portrait of Heinrich Mann (1871-1950), Leo Baeck Institute, 82.32.