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Biographical/Historical Information

Rössler, Carl (Vienna, 1864-1948, London), was an actor who wrote a number of light comedies, collaborating with A. Roda Roda in the extremely successful play 'Der Feldherrnhügel' (1910). His fiction includes the novels 'Die drei Niemandskinder' (1926) and 'Wellen des Eros' (1927). In 1938, he emigrated to London.

Suzanne Carvallo-Schülein was born in Paris into a distinguished family of Portuguese-Jewish descent. As an art student at the private school “La Palette” in Paris, she met and later married Julius Schülein. The couple worked and exhibited in Paris and then settled in Munich for twenty years, where Carvallo-Schülein was in great demand as a portrait painter and became one of the first women to belong to the Munich Secession. The Schüleins belonged to a circle of prominent artists and intellectuals in Munich. Among their friends were Heinrich and Thomas Mann, Lion Feuchtwanger, Paul Klee and Vassily Kandinsky. In 1930 the couple moved to Berlin, attracted by the city’s growing significance as a cultural center. After the Nazis came to power the Schüleins went from Germany to France, constantly plagued by the political turmoil facing German Jews. They were finally able to emigrate to the US in 1941 after a dangerous border crossing into Spain. In 1945, Carvallo-Schülein exhibited her still lifes and portraits at the Knoedler and the Caroll Carstairs Galleries in New York, and in 1973 at the Goethe House She is best known for her portraits of prominent German intellectuals. Her portrait of the conductor Bruno Walter hangs in the Munich Opera House; the likeness of her grandfather Jules Carvallo can still be found at the Alliance Israelite Universelle in Paris, which he co-founded.

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Carvallo-Schülein, Susanne: Portrait of Carl Roessler (1864-1948), Leo Baeck Institute, 82.33.