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Biographical/Historical Information

The anthropologist Ignaz Zollschan was born in Erlach, Lower Austria in 1877. While working in a private practice in Karlsbad, Bohemia, he published the first in a series of works to fight the antisemitic racist theories of the English philosopher Houston S. Chamberlain, who had high influence on the German Nazi party. Ignaz Zollschan died in London in 1948.

Hermann (Chaim Aaron ben David) Struck was born in 1876 in Germany. He is best known as a master etcher, lithographer and early Zionist. He studied for five years at the Berlin Academy and in 1908 wrote "Die Kunst des Radierens" (The Art of Etching), while mentoring artists such as Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and Lesser Ury. His art was included in an exhibition at the Fifth Zionist Congress and he helped establish the religious Zionist movement called Mizrachi. Struck was an Orthodox Jew but believed that culture and religion could thrive cooperatively in the Land of Israel. He emigrated to Haifa where he created an artistic community and participated in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum and the Bezalel art school in Jerusalem. Hermann Struck died in 1944.

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Struck, Hermann: Portrait of Dr. Ignaz Zollschan, Leo Baeck Institute, 81.196b.