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Biographical/Historical Information

Emil Orlik was was a painter, etcher and lithographer. Born in Prague in 1870, he studied art in Germany and Austria. He worked as an illustrator for the art magazine PAN, as a theater set and costume designer, and exhibited his works throughout Europe. He also did book and poster design. Orlik traveled extensively, including a visit to Japan where he studied woodblock carving and other techniques. In 1905, he moved to Berlin and took a post at the School for Graphic and Book Art of the Museum of Decorative Arts where he worked until his retirement in 1930. Portrait commissions and graphic work kept him busy until his death from a heart attack in Berlin in 1932.

Emery I. Gondor (1890-1977) was a caricaturist, illustrator, child psychologist and photographer. Born in Budapest, Hungary, he attended the Royal Hungarian University and received his diploma from the National Academy of Art. He became interested in child psycholgy after noting the affect of World War I on his art students. He also illustrated children's books and newspapers during this time. Gondor immigrated to the United States in 1935 and became a citizen in 1941. During World War II, he worked for the War Department and was Chief of the Technical Operation Unit in the Overseas Service for France and Germany for two years.After the war, Gondor was named head of the art and play therapy groups at the Retarded Children's Clinic and the Psychiatric Child Guidance Clinic at New York Medical College. In addition, he wrote and illustrated several books, created puzzles for dozens of comic books, and taught art to juvenile delinquents at Youth House. In 1959, Gondor received his diploma in Clinical Psychology from New York State University. He became director of the art program at the Institute for Mental Retardation at New York Medical College in 1968. Emery Gondor died in 1977.

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Orlik, Emil: Portrait of Emery l. Gondor, Leo Baeck Institute, 2002.54.