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Biographical/Historical Information

The War Commemorative Medal of the Kyffhäuser Union was instituted in 1921 by the Kyffhäuserbund in conjunction with the 25th jubilee of the Kyffhäuser monument in Thuringia, since the German government refused to create such an award. It was awarded to individuals for service on the frontlines and on the home front, as well as for loyal service of reservists. This post-World War I medal had to be purchased by veterans following presentation of an award document.

German sculptor Hermann Kurt Hosaeus was born in Eisenach in 1875. He was best known for his monuments, though he also designed a number of medals. He studied small-scale sculpture at the School of Applied Arts in Nuremberg for two years beginning in 1892, and spent another two years at the Munich Art Academy under Wilhelm von Rümann. In 1896, he moved to Berlin to attend the Academy of Art and he was the master student of Reinhold Begas between 1898 and 1900. His works were exhibited at the Great Berlin Art Exhibition in both 1899 and 1908. In 1918, he began lecturing at the Technical University of Berlin, later teaching as a full-time professor bettwen 1933 and 1945. Hoseaeus died in 1958.

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Hosaeus, Hermann Kurt: Commemorative War Medal of the Kyffhäuser Union, Leo Baeck Institute, 2012.035a.