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Months before the end of the First World War, it was already clear to the Oberste Heeresleitung (Supreme High Command of the German Army) that Germany was militarily defeated. To avoid this admission, the military leaders later spread the Dolchstoß (or "stab in the back") legend: that the army had fought with real chances of victory, but that revolutionary socialist and Jewish activity had broken the will of the German army. Hindenburg confirmed this version before a committee of inquiry of the Reichstag; this a lie that contributed decisively to the ruin of the Republic and the rise of Nazism.
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Dolchstoß, Leo Baeck Institute, r (f) DD 232.5 A7 1963 [II.22].