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The poster symbolizes the central concerns of the rise of Communism in the first years of the German Republic. A small contingent from the SPD (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschland) flees from the the KPD (Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands) side to the capitalist-controlled military side, which is bathed in blood. The blood is an allusion to the repeated joining of the majority Social Democrats with the army against proletarian uprisings ("workers' murderers"). One of the two military officers bears a resemblance to Hans von Seeckt, chief of staff for the the Reichswehr since March 1920.
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Stinnesdiktatur oder Diktatur des Proletariats?, Leo Baeck Institute, r (f) DD 232.5 A7 1963 [II.18].
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