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Recently processed and recently digitized archival collections
The Leo Baeck Institute is continually collecting new archival materials related to the history of German-speaking Jews. Please see in the following a list of recent acquisitions, each with a short synopsis. Clicking on the title will link to the item’s bibliographic description; items that have already been digitized will also have a link to their digital form. Please contact head archivist Hermann Teifer for access to collections that are not digitized yet.
Eric Kruh collection, AR 25816 Finding aid with links to digital objectsPersonal and professional correspondence, official documents, curricula vitae and résumés illustrate the life of the Austrian-American academic Eric (Erich) Kruh, from his early years in Austria; his lives in England, Canada, and New York; to his work as a professor at various universities, mostly at Southampton College, where he taught literature, history, German and French, from 1964 to 1992. – Also included are Professor Kruh’s correspondence and documents, related to restitution and pension payments.
Deutsch-Edel family collection, AR 25826 Catalog RecordFamily correspondence as well as memoirs by the physician George Deutsch and others are in the center of this collection, documenting the lives of George; his wife Sabine, née Edel; their children Thomas and Elizabeth; and other family members, originally from Vienna, Austria. The papers, together with education and immigration records tell about the plight of “Racial Jews” in Vienna, their escapes to France or England, and their successful acculturation in Ohio. Vignettes on religion, Austria-Hungary, composer Arnold Schoenberg, and other topics help to enrich the picture.
Kern-Martin family collection, AR 25815 Catalog RecordExtensive correspondence, as well as family photographs, education documents, writings and diaries, official documents, obituaries, and other papers make up the Kern-Martin family Collection, documenting the lives and fates of three Temple siblings – Gucka (Therese); Rudi (Rudolph); and Susanne (Susan) – and their children in Vienna; England; the United States; and South Africa, but also in Auschwitz, throughout the 20th century and beyond.
Renate Bridenthal family collection, AR 25810Finding aid with links to digital objectsThe collection focuses on Renate Bridenthal's mother, Irene Rubin née Quittner (1902-1963) in Germany and in the United States, holding her vital records, personal and restitution correspondence, as well as drafts of her spiritual writings. Also present are documents related to Renate’s father Elchunon Rubin and to Renate’s and her brother Harribald's early lives and emigration.
Ruth Jacobsen collection, AR 25902Catalog recordThe collection contains photographs, manuscripts, correspondence, notebooks, collage books and works of art relating to the artist and author Ruth Jacobsen (1932-2019), a Hidden Child of the Holocaust, born in Frankenburg, Germany; hidden in the Netherlands; living and creating in New York. Much of the collection is dedicated to Jacobsen’s attempt to cope with her past and sharing her testimony with others through her art. - See more about Ruth Jacobsen – A life told through art on LBI’s website.
Marianne Steinberg Ostrand collection, AR 25745Finding aid with links to digital objectsThe Marianne Steinberg Ostrand Collection documents the education, emigration, and early professional life of the physician Marianne Steinberg Ostrand as well as the lives of members of her family, especially her husband, engineer Arnold Ostrand, and her mother and siblings, with much documentation of the emigration or attempted emigration from Germany of her family members. About half the collection is correspondence. In addition it contains many educational certificates, official documents, diaries, notebooks, notes, and a friendship album, travel memorabilia, and newspaper clippings and articles.
Mühlfelder and Roeckert Families Collection, AR 25844 Catalog RecordVarious original documents, correspondence, and photographs illustrate primarily the life and career of Charles Milford, who was born as Klaus Mühlfelder in Berlin in 1927, the son of the physician Simon Mühlfelder and his wife Hedwig née Roeckert. After having to endure the Nazi terrors as a “Mischling of the first degree”, Charles Milford completed his studies in Berlin and immigrated to the US in 1950, adding two more MA degrees from American universities. He worked as a librarian for almost 40 years, when he also researched extensively his father’s genealogy and the family history of Simon Mühlfelder’s first wife Martha Kassel, assembling his notes and letters as well as related published materials. Charles Milford was married to the librarian Patricia Elizabeth Shannon (1921-1989). The Leo Baeck Institute also holds Milford’s porcelains, sculptures, and other objects.
Rabbi Henry Joseph Messing collection, AR 25813 Catalog RecordA collection of original writings, mostly handwritten sermons by Rabbi Henry Joseph Messing (1848-1913), who was born in Poland, but at age 19 immigrated with his two brothers to the United States, where they all three became congregational rabbis. Henry J. Messing spent more than 30 years as Senior Rabbi at the United Hebrew Congregation in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1880, he opened the Hebrew Free and Industrial School Society, the first Jewish community school in the city. Also included are non-liturgical texts, newspaper clippings, and notebooks.
Walter Zvi Bacharach collection, AR 25814Catalog RecordPersonal and professional documents; certificates; correspondence; and published materials allow insight into life and work of the Israeli, German born academic Zvi (Walter Adolf) Bacharach, a professor for antisemitism and Holocaust studies. The collection also touches on his life in Germany and the Netherlands, his harrowing captivity during the Holocaust with his father and brother, and his academic career in Israel. The Library of the Leo Baeck Institute in New York holds selected writings by Zvi Bacharach.
Herbert and Kaethe Hirsch family collection, AR 25699 Catalog Record This collection centers on the correspondence of the businessman Herbert Hirsch (1898-1982) in Berlin and London with his immediate family and friends. After Herbert’s son, Robin relocated to the United States in 1967, most of the correspondence comes from Robin and his parents, Herbert and Kaethe Hirsch. The letters and other records document Herbert Hirsch’s service as an artilleryman for the German army in World War I; his activities with the Jewish rowers’ club IVRIA in Germany; travels in the 1930s in Europe and Palestine; and the history of the Hirsch family. In addition, there are newspaper clippings about anti-Semitism and Jewish resistance in the 1930s from the German and English press, collected by Herbert Hirsch. Also included are documents about the work of the theater director and lecturer, Robin Hirsch.
Suzanne Schrag collection, AR 25833Finding aid with links to digital objects Much of the collection focuses on the lives of family members of the Schrag and Fuchs families, especially as documented in their extensive family correspondence, education certificates, photographs, family trees, and other papers. – Prominent are also the memoirs and other writings of Paul Schrag and the short stories of his uncle, Nathan Sulzberger, who wrote under his nom de plume, D.R. Enness.
Lila and Leo Marx Collection, AR 25690Finding aid with links to digital objectsFamily correspondence; official, educational, and employment records; as well as restitution correspondence and a detailed biographic typescript document Lila and Leo Marx’s lives in Germany; the effects of Nazi persecution; their emigration; and the fates of their family members. - Leo Marx (1918-2001) and Liselotte (Lila) Weil (1915-2008) met in Karlsruhe. He left for New York to join his brother, and shortly after Lila followed. He was a dishwasher, she worked at an assembly line, but they got married and lived in Washington Heights. In 1944, they opened a Refrigeration Sales and Service Company, which only closed in 1976, when Lila and Leo moved to California. - Leo’s mother and his older brother managed to escape Nazi Germany in 1940, but Lila’s parents and her grandmother perished in the Holocaust.
Flora Morstadt collection, DM 348Finding aid with links to digital objectsFlora Morstadt née Andorn, a woman of Jewish descent, was married to Valentin Emil Morstadt, a Gentile. With some outside help, they managed to survive the persecutions in Nazi Germany and the war. The bulk of the collection is made up of wartime correspondence between Flora and her sister, Hilde, who had escaped to the U.S., as well with her parents, who were deported to Theresienstadt in 1942 and perished during the Holocaust. Also included are various family documents and a handwritten recipe book for German cooking.
The past is a foreign country, DM 341Read it in DigiBaeckThese are memoirs of the British magistrate and reformer of the National Health Service in Bristol, England, Edith Körner née Löwy (1921–2000), recalling her Jewish family in Bohemian Znaim (Znojmo, Czech Republic). When the Nazis occupied Czechoslovakia in 1939, Edith escaped to the United Kingdom, but her family remained behind, with only her brother and few cousins surviving the Holocaust.
The German Judaica collection of Yosef Goldman, AR 25802Finding aid with links to digital objectsThe German Judaica Collection of Rabbi Yosef Goldman (1942-2015) - a scholar of American Jewish history and a leading dealer of rare Jewish and Hebrew books and manuscripts - contains printed Judaica, such as books, decrees, pamphlets, and newspaper clippings, ranging from 1519 to 1934. A large part consists of materials that were originally held in the library of Leopold Zunz, founder of Wissenschaft des Judentums.
Addenda to the John (Hans) and Trude Schiff Collection, AR 25730WebpagePhotographs by John D. Schiff depicting a wide array of artists’ portraits and their works, such as Sidney Alexander; Shusaku Arakawa; Rafaello Busoni; Ludwig Bemelmans; Adolf Dehn; Katherine Dreier; Marcel Duchamp; Marisol Escobar; Richard Vernon Goetz; Theo Hios; Lester Johnson; Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler; Harold Kanowitz; Bella Kaufman; Dikran Kelekian; Sol LeWitt; Louise Nevelson; Lionello Venturi; Abraham Walkowitz; William Carlos Williams; William Zorach; and others. Also included – next to some written documents - are photonegatives depicting art exhibits, artworks, as well as plants and animals.
Louis S. (Ludwig Salomon) Wolf Family Collection, AR 25883Finding aid with links to digital objectsEncompassing family trees, official and personal documents as well as a broad compilation of photographs pertaining to the genealogical research of the Eckhaus and Wolf families, reaching back to 1803. The collection centers on Louis S. Wolf, his mother Alice, his father Wilhelm (Willi) Wolf and their immediate family members.
Erna and Gustav Katz family collection, AR 25818Catalog RecordPersonal and official documents, correspondence, biographical manuscripts, photographs and other archival materials focus primarily on the lives of Erna, Fred and Henry Katz from Cologne in Germany and in the United States, but the collection also provides information on the extended Katz and Lyon families and their ancestors.
Harriet Hermine Spielberg Collection, AR 25880Catalog RecordThe life of Harriet Spielberg (née Schottländer, widowed Schwarz) in Austria and in the US is documented by an array of official documents; certificates; correspondence; passports; photographs; and – last but not least - two handwritten cookbooks featuring Austrian cuisine. There are also reports from her older son, Eric Schwarz.
Joshua O. Haberman Collection, AR 25870 Catalog RecordCorrespondence, handwritten notes, notebooks and drafts of later-published works on philosophical research and conference lectures document the professional life and scholarship of Rabbi Joshua O. Haberman (1919-2017), a refugee who escaped Austria after the Nazi Anschluss in 1938. Rabbi Haberman had a distinguished career as both a champion of theological education and a spiritual leader throughout the United States.
Schickler-Rosenbaum family collection, AR 25736 Catalog RecordHarry Schickler’s life with the German Army during World War I is the focus of this family collection, holding his written memoires and photographs. The collection also contains photographs and other documents of the Schickler and Rosenbaum families.
Leo and Anne Marie Grebler family collection, AR 25872Catalog RecordThe collection records the Greblers’ personal and professional lives in Germany and the United States through correspondence, documents, family histories, writings, and photographs, highlighting their close relationships with their extended family and friends, particularly with Jacob and Marianne Marschak. Writings by Leo Grebler elucidate his career as an economist and his special interest in real estate and housing finance.
Semi Uffenheimer family collection, AR 25892Catalog RecordThe correspondence between Semi Uffenheimer from Breisach in Baden-Württemberg and his sister Flora reveals the terrible effects of Nazi persecution on her and their parents, Anna and Adolf. While Semi escaped to Argentina, his family perished in Gurs, France and other concentration camps. Also included are family trees and related genealogical research; documents relating to Semi’s marriage and life in in Argentina; as well as photographs and postcards.
Lilo Goldenberg Family collection, AR 25799Finding aid with links to digital objectsThis collection tells the story of Liselotte (Lilo) Thekla Lamm; her parents Leo Lamm and Margarete (Gretel) Lamm née Falk; husbands Norbert Goldenberg, Hans Gerhard Ollendorff, and William (Bill) Thurnauer; their children and grandchildren; and members of their extended families. The families’ lives in Germany, immigration to the United States, and professional, political and philanthropic activities are documented through vital documents, photographs, correspondence, writings, articles, and clippings.
Ewald Schmidt’s Kriegstagebuch, AR 25881Catalog Record | View partial digital form in DigiBaeckThis is Ewald Schmidt’s transcript of his own World War One diary that he wrote as a German infantry soldier on the Baltic front in 1916/17. Years later, when he was a pharmacist in Haifa, the German consulate in Jerusalem awarded him an Iron Cross for his active service.
Oral history Interviews from the Austrian Heritage CollectionThese are interviews with some former Austrian residents, who settled in Massachusetts. Clicking on each name will link to its bibliographic description: Ann Ettlinger; Hanni Myers; George Schaffer; Michael Shinagel; Peter Schur; Stephen Tauber; and Alfred Viola.
Denise Wilde Family collectionCatalog Record (original) | Catalog Record (addenda)The original collection, AR 25189 and its addenda, AR 25877 combine vital records; educational documents; correspondence; photographs; restitution papers and family trees of members of the Wilde and Szymanski families, originally from Berlin – particularly of Bertha Wilde (née Slupecki) and of her son, Herbert Wilde (father of Denise). And because Bertha’s husband Alfred was a friend of the artist and author Heinrich Zille, many of Zille’s books from 1925 to 1927 are held in the Denise Wilde Family Clippings Collection, AR 25189 C.
[On the tracks of Buchenwald-detainee Robert Böhmer], DM 337Catalog Record | Watch it in DigiBaeckIn this documentary movie from Vienna, Austria, Robert Böhmer’s son tells the story of his father’s internment in the Nazi concentration camps Dachau and Buchenwald, from May 1938 to April 1939.
Landau family collection, AR 25806Catalog RecordThe Landau family collection paints a vivid picture of a German Jewish family’s fight for restitution after the loss of prime property in Berlin and other parts of the Marianne Landau estate. She was the daughter of the German Nobel Prize-winning chemist, Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915).
Pinkus Fränkel Ehrlich genealogy research collection, AR 25807 Catalog RecordCorrespondence, genealogical notes, family trees, photographs, a travel diary, and other papers relating to the genealogical research of the Ehrlich, Fränkel, and Pinkus families by Elizabeth Brody and John Peters (né Pinkus).
Hal Stern family collection, AR 25857 Catalog Record The collection documents the emigration and acculturation of the Schwartzbart and Tahl families from southern Germany to the United States, providing original documents reaching back to the 1830s.
Reinheimer family collection, DM 338 Watch it in DigiBaeckTwo very short but treasured snippets of homemade movies from the 1950s, depicting family and religious life in the Washington Heights section of New York City, the refuge and home of German Jewish émigrés since the 1920s.
Two Manuscripts by Carol Terte Gill, DM 331 and DM 332In the first of two richly illustrated manuscripts, the author writes about her aunt, the German-American artist Paula Neufeld; the second manuscript is dedicated to the author’s American born mother, Irene Friedman Terte and her family roots in Germany. Both manuscripts are fully available online.
Edna Ehrlich collection: Person Life, Professional Work and Music Interests, AR 25697 Finding aid with links to digital objectsThe Edna Ehrlich Collection: Personal Life, Professional Work and Music Interests is an extension of the Edna Ehrlich Papers (AR 25639). This collection includes material on the beginnings of the relationship of Edna and Otto Ehrlich prior to their marriage, on Edna Ehrlich’s friendships and personal life, and on her work as a promoter of Asian music in New York. It also includes a small amount of papers related to her professional work.
Berthold M. Herko collection, AR 25834Catalog Record | Herko’s paintings and drawings in the Edythe Griffinger Art Catalog The professional correspondence, family photographs and official documents in this collection pertain to the personal and professional life of the artist Berthold M. Herko and to exhibits of his work. Also included are materials about his related Cohn and Bock family members.